What is justice, and what is a just society? Is justice based on equality, or does it require something more? How can we bring about a more just and equitable society? This course considers these and related questions. Topics may include the nature and justification of equal rights, Indigenous vs. non-Indigenous conceptions of justice, equality of opportunity and access, economic equality, as well as oppression and civil disobedience, whether justice requires redistribution or reparations, and whether government violence is ever just.


45 credits of 100-level or higher coursework

Course Notes

PHIL 410 is an approved Self and Society course for Cap Core requirements.

Course Outlines

Please note: Course outlines of record posted may vary from the section syllabus distributed by each instructor (e.g. textbooks, assignments, timing of midterms).

Effective Term
PDF Acrobat Adobe Reader Fall 2023 onwards


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