When is a Research Ethics Board ethical review required? What research is exempt?
Research involving human participants and conducted under the auspices of Capilano University requires compliance with Capilano University's Research Ethics Policy: Research with Human Subjects, TCPS requirements and must be approved by the Capilano University Research Ethics Board (Policy D.1).
Definition of research
"Research" is defined in the Tri-Council Policy Statement on Ethical Conduct for Research involving Humans (TCPS, 2014), and in Capilano University's Research Ethics Policy: Research with Human Subjects (Section C) as "an undertaking intended to extend knowledge through a discipline based inquiry or any systematic investigation that is quantitative or qualitative in nature to establish facts, principles, or generalizable knowledge which involves humans as research participants."
That is, "…an inquiry that is conducted with the expectation that the method, results, and conclusions will be able to withstand the scrutiny of the relevant research community" (article 2.1).
See: Research with Human Subjects (S2002-01) for further definitions related to research with human participants, including definitions of minimal risk, informed consent, conflict of interest and confidentiality.
If in doubt, researchers should contact the REB concerning whether a project requires REB approval (email firstname.lastname@example.org). The REB makes the final decision on whether a project is exempt from REB review (TCPS 2014, article 2.1).