This course is a comparative survey of the major classes of vertebrates, emphasizing phylogenetic relationships of chordates and craniates, and evolutionary trends and functional anatomy of organ systems. The laboratory and field trip components of the course complement the lecture material and allow observations of representative vertebrates as well as the study of their natural history.


BIOL 106, 107 and 111 or 110 and 111 with a minimum C- grade

Course Notes

BIOL 213 is an approved Science course. BIOL 213 is an approved Lab Science course.

The course includes a three-day field trip to the Okanagan Valley.