This course introduces students to key concepts of pathophysiology and disease. Students who have successfully completed this course will have gained a sound understanding of how the human body operates in healthy and chronically perturbed states (disease).


BIOL 113 (C-) or HKIN 191 (C-) or BIOL 111 (A-)

Course Notes

BIOL 240 is an approved Science course.

There is no laboratory for this course.

Course Outlines

Please note: Course outlines of record posted may vary from the section syllabus distributed by each instructor (e.g. textbooks, assignments, timing of midterms).