This course is a comparative survey of the major phyla and classes of invertebrates with emphasis on phylogeny, adaptive biology and ecology of each group. The course is designed around the major unifying concept of evolution. It introduces issues of contemporary interest in the field of invertebrate zoology. The laboratory complements the lecture components.


BIOL 106, 107 and 111 or BIOL 110 and 111 with a minimum C- grade

Course Notes

BIOL 212 is an approved Science course. BIOL 212 is an approved Lab Science course.

The course includes a three-day field trip to the Bamfield Marine Station.