The first half of this course introduces the development of music therapy throughout the world, including therapeutic perspectives, clientele and approaches of Music Therapy pioneers and current practitioners. Each approach presented is contextualized within traditional schools of therapy. To deepen understanding of the values, practices, challenges and ethics of therapy, students reflect on their life experience as it relates to material in this course. The second half introduces students to the range of theoretical constructs, applied models and approaches that will prepare students for their first practicum with elders in long-term care. This includes handouts, video, clinical examples, and discussion of clinical practice with elders in the community and in long-term care. Models of care and treatment such as personhood, validation therapy, gentle care and the Eden Alternative are introduced.